Category Archives: State Fraudulent Transfer (11 U.S.C. § 544)

Are Customer Funds Held by Debtor Logistics Company Property of the Debtor’s Estate? Chief Judge Ferguson (D.N.J.) Addresses Multiple Avoidance Issues in TransVantage Solutions

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

Bankruptcies involving logistics management companies inherently involve unique issues with respect to avoidance actions, be it the tripartite nature of the transactions (customer/debtor/carrier), the contentious dispute over what constitutes property of the estate, and so on. Continue reading

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Judge Houle (Bankr. C.D. Cal.) Addresses the Impact of Substantive Consolidation On Fraudulent Transfer Defenses in In re Empire Land, LLC

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

*Update as of 7/19/2016: Since the post below on 4/18/2016, this decision has been appealed to the United States District Court for the Central District of California, and remains pending.*

Judge Houle (Bankr. C.D. Cal.) recently applied the “dominion test” to a series of transfers in the In re Empire Land, LLC bankruptcy cases, finding a material issue of fact existed as to whether the fraudulent transfer defendant could use the funds as it saw fit – hence, whether it could be a transferee of the funds. Continue reading

Badges of Fraud and the Imputation of Actual Fraudulent Intent – Chief Judge Shannon (Bankr. D. Del.) Issues Latest Order in Long-Running Syntax-Brillian Fraudulent Transfer Action

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

In the latest memorandum order from SB Liquidation Trust v. Preferred Bank (In re Syntax-Brillian Corp.), Case No. 08-11407 (BLS), Adv. No. 10-51389 (BLS) (Bankr. D. Del.), an adversary proceeding that has already spawned three opinions (including one from the Third Circuit), Chief Judge Shannon denied the defendant-bank’s (“Defendant”) motion to dismiss the complaint (as amended, the “Complaint”). Continue reading

How Much Control Must a Bank Exert to be Considered an Initial Transferee Under 11 U.S.C. § 550? Can Substantive Consolidation be Applied Nunc Pro Tunc to Help ‘Create’ an Avoidance Action? Chief Judge Frank (Bankr. E.D. Pa.) Provides an Answer in In re Universal Marketing, Inc.

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

Chief Judge Frank of the Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania recently issued an opinion in Goldstein v. Wilmington Savings Fund Society (In re Universal Marketing, Inc.) that deals with certain issues not often seen in avoidance actions.  Specifically, the opinion touches upon the level of control or dominion that a bank must exercise over a disputed conveyance for purposes of determining whether it was an “initial transferee” under 11 U.S.C. § 550. Continue reading