Category Archives: Ordinary Course of Business – Subjective (11 U.S.C. § 547(c)(2)(A))

Defining Ordinary: Judge Walrath (Bankr. D. Del.) Surveys Ordinary Course of Business Methodologies in In re Powerwave Technologies

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

Determining the proper bookends when establishing a Historical Period for an ordinary course of business defense (“OCOB”) can be highly contentious in preference litigation.  The same can be said for determining which methodology is most appropriate for analyzing preference period transfers and even when to apply a given defense. Continue reading

Are Customer Funds Held by Debtor Logistics Company Property of the Debtor’s Estate? Chief Judge Ferguson (D.N.J.) Addresses Multiple Avoidance Issues in TransVantage Solutions

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

Bankruptcies involving logistics management companies inherently involve unique issues with respect to avoidance actions, be it the tripartite nature of the transactions (customer/debtor/carrier), the contentious dispute over what constitutes property of the estate, and so on. Continue reading

Are Invoice Terms Alone Sufficient to Establish Contemporaneous Exchange for New Value or Ordinary Course of Business Defenses? In Cousins Fish Market, Second Circuit Offers Guidance

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (the “Second Circuit”) recently affirmed the judgment of the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York (the “District Court”) in John Nagle Co. v. McCarthy (In re The Cousins Fish Market, Inc.), 2016 WL 3854277 (2d Cir. July 12, 2016), which in turn had affirmed a decision of the district’s bankruptcy court (together with the District Court, the “Lower Courts”), finding the Lower Courts properly ruled that the defendant (“Defendant”) had not established its affirmative section 547(c) defenses. Continue reading

Does a Recent Change of Ownership Impact a Preference Defendant’s Ordinary Course of Business Defense? Judge Davis (Bankr. W.D. Tex.) Provides an Answer in In re Sterry Industries, Inc.

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

The United States Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of Texas (the “Court”) recently addressed an interesting question – can a preference defendant establish an ordinary course of business defense to a trustee’s suit even though a pre-preference period change in defendant’s ownership also changed the course of its business with the debtor? Continue reading

Seventh Circuit Reverses Bankruptcy and District Courts in Delineating the Ordinary Course of Business’s Baseline of Dealings Requirement  in In re Sparrer Sausage Co.

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (the “Seventh Circuit”) recently reversed a Bankruptcy Court ruling and District Court affirmation (both in the Northern District of Illinois, and collectively, the “Lower Courts”) that had given only partial credit to a preference defendant’s section 547(c)(2)(A) ordinary course of business defense. Continue reading

‘Average Payment Time’ vs. ‘Range of Payment Statistics’: Judge Carey (Del.) Weighs in Favor of the Latter in In re AES Thames, LLC Preference Dispute

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

Judge Carey recently ruled in favor of a defendant on a 547(c)(2) issue, notwithstanding that the Debtors paid the defendant more than six times later during the Preference Period than they had in the Historical Period. Continue reading

Decision by the Bankruptcy Appellate Panel for the First Circuit Provides a Cautionary Tale for Preference Defendants

By Evan T. Miller, Esq.

The Bankruptcy Appellate Panel for the First Circuit (the “Panel”) recently issued a series of opinions in the In re PMC Marketing Corp. bankruptcy case, in which it ruled on appeals from the Bankruptcy Court for the District of Puerto Rico (the “Bankruptcy Court”). Continue reading